This article presents the benefits of the full commercial over the Open Source core version.
Commercial licenses get two data models:
- FIB-DM Normative, 2,446 entities, the industry-standard derived from FIBO Production.
- FIB-DM Informative, 4,062 entities, a new model derived from the latest FIBO Development version.
The full version adds one thousand three hundred normative entities in additional packages for Securities, Derivatives, Indices & Indicators. The permissive commercial license includes data model resources. This overview discusses license terms, maintenance, and pricing.
The FIB-DM extended overview is for technical and business users and decision-makers.
As a data architect, you are already evaluating the Open Source Version. You downloaded the FIB-DM core, and if not on PowerDesigner, imported the model file into your data modeling tool. Now you want to unlock the additional packages and entities of the extended version.
As an ontologist, business analyst, or finance user, you embrace the FIBO concepts, definitions, and FIB-Concept maps. You want to fully utilize the MS-Excel, PowerPoint, and Visio model resources.
As a decision-maker, your team asks for an upgrade of the FIBO data model. You want to align with the industry standard but need to understand license terms and ownership costs fully.
FIB-DM extended vs core
FIB-DM Core is a comprehensive, self-contained, high-quality blueprint for smaller financial service providers, academic research, and independent data architects. More than 1,300 users from 84 countries downloaded the free version released under GNU General Public License (GPL-3.0), an Open Source Initiative® recommended license.
The commercial version unlocks one thousand new Normative entities in three packages for investment and financial markets.
Model entities, relationships, attributes, and inheritances of the Securities package have their code starting with the prefix fibo-sec. E.g.
equity instruments, depository receipts, equity issuance, limited partnership equity, shareholder rights, and shareholder equity
concepts relating to cash debt instruments, listings, tax treatment, debt guarantees, parity variants, participation notes, and cash flow
- Money Markets
Repos, term deposits, and short term debt
- Other Securities
baskets, parametric schedules, pools, securities classification, securities identification, issuance, listings, restrictions, and assets.
Model objects in the Derivatives package start with fibo-der.
|fibo-der-cr-cds:CreditDefaultSwapContract||Credit Default Swap Contract|
- Basic Contracts
- Asset derivatives
asset baskets, bond options, bond return swaps, equity forwards, equity options, equity swaps
commodities contracts, commodity delivery, forwards, options, spots, swaps
- Credit Default Swaps
- Exchange-traded derivatives (options and futures)
- Fx derivatives (forwards, options, spots, swaps)
- Rate derivatives
forward rate agreements, inflation swaps, interest rate options, interest rate swaps, OTC index options
- Rights instruments and other miscellaneous forms of derivative contracts.
Indices & Indicators
Model objects have a prefix starting fibo-ind.
|fibo-ind-ir-ir:InterbankBidRate||Interbank Bid Rate|
- Market Indices
baskets, credit, and debt indices
- Economic indicators, economic measures
- Market-based interest rates and foreign exchange
- Common interest rates, inter-bank lending, and rates of debt instruments.
The Informative model derived from FIBO Development.
Corporate Actions & Events
A Corporate Action is an event that brings a material change to the company or securities issued by the company. Two hundred thirty-nine new base entities support Corporate Actions for bonds and shares, as well as communications and elections.
Collective Investment Vehicles
The new Investment Funds package has one hundred nine new base entities defining Fund types, strategy, administration, units, and management.
In finance, market data is the price and trade-related data for a financial instrument reported by a trading venue such as a stock exchange. Market data allows traders and investors to know the latest price and see historical trends for instruments such as equities, fixed-income products, derivatives, and currencies. (Wikipedia)
Two hundred forty-nine base entities define Market Data, Security Status, and Analysis Curves’ temporal concepts.
Business Processes is not a generic package (yet). The two hundred eighty-one entities focus on Securities Issuance and the Financial Context of Trade, Clearing, Settlement, Custody, and Market.
I advocate more generic BP content in supporting ontology-derived BPMN models!
The largest new package with more than three hundred entities is the most anticipated enhancement for FIB-DM users. Sub packages Loan Core & Mortgage and Extended provide the framework. Loan temporal covers origination, status, and payments. Loan Types define subtype entities for retail and commercial loans.
The main package for sub packages supporting Collateral, Guarantees, Basic Terms, Parties, and Regulatory aspects.
Entities in this package describe the concept of loan collateral and loan property collateral in the context of collateralized securitized loans.
This package defines various kinds of guaranty for different kinds of loans and the concept of a loan guarantor. These include mortgage loan-related guaranty terms.
Basic Loan Terms
This is the core package for loan entities. These include loan purposes, loan payment terms, and parties.
In this package, entities define the parties to a loan, including borrowers and third parties such as collateral providers and loan servicers.
This package contains entities relating to regulatory requirements around loans, including disclosure rights and a small number of regulation-specific concepts. These include definitions of rights conferred on borrowers under consumer protection law, rights to equal treatment, and the like.
Loan Core & Mortgage
The main package for core and mortgage-related sub-packages. Entities in the sub-packages define the loan contract and the US Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) support.
Loan Core Ontology
This package defines the fundamental concepts for loans, with an emphasis on mortgages. The loan contract is the core concept. It includes the primary obligations to fund the loan and to pay it back according to payment schedules. The contract is also connected to various parties, including borrowers, lenders, and originators. Kinds of loans covered in this ontology include open and closed-end, secured, and mortgages. Another major thread of the loan core ontology is credit risk assessment, which includes property appraisals, security agreements, pre-approvals, credit scores, and credit reports.
Loan HMDA Ontology
This package defines entities specific to the HMDA rule. This includes the concept of an HMDA report and specializations of the core classes for pre-approval requests, covered loan contracts.
The Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) is a US regulation.
The main package for LN extensions. The current development packages LN, LNX, and Loan are likely to be reorganized in Production.
This package contains a small number of additional entities for general loan terms. These are mainly based on lists of values such as income verification methods, risk levels, and documentation types referred to in the loan application process.
Loan Generic Ontology
This ontology defines some concepts that are not specific to a loan and belong in more general FIBO ontologies. They are in the process of being moved over. This ontology will eventually go away.
The main package for temporal aspects such as loan status, phases, and events. Sub packages are for Loan Applications, Appraisal, Borrowers, Construction Loans, Collateral, Events, LTV, Phases, Status, and temporal.
Loans Temporal core
Loan concepts with a date or time component. For example, amounts outstanding, loan balances, and interest rates at a given point in time.
Loan Applications Temporal
The package defines the loan application process’s entities, including the temporally sensitive concept of loan phases, the kinds of loan applications, and the parties thereto. These concepts include mortgage loan applications, which will need to be integrated with the HMDA-based work in Loan Contracts.
Entities relating to the appraisal of a loan, including mortgage borrower assessment information and repossession history.
Loan Borrowers Temporal
The package allows temporally sensitive entities to elate to loan borrowers themselves, including such concepts for different kinds of the borrower (corporate and personal). These include credit statuses, payment history, and facts about the borrower at assessment and other times.
Construction Loans Temporal
Temporally sensitive concepts relating to construction loans. At present, The package defines the basic concept of a snapshot in time for a construction loan. Additional details will need to be added.
Loan Collateral Temporal
The package covers date-sensitive facts about the collateral provided for a collateralized loan, including security collateral.
The package defines a wide range of events relating to loans. These include legal proceedings, prepayments, events affecting the collateral such as valuation, purchase, and sale, and details of many of these concepts. Note that most of this material was derived from an earlier EDMC activity with IBM Research and is substantively based on a logical data model from that exercise.
The package defines the concept of a loan to value (LTV) ratio, including both the original LTV at application and the same concept as a variable over time.
Entities in this package define the phases in a loan’s life, including delinquent loans, up to the point where the loan is repaid. Future integration of this work should be based on the lifecycle concept, in the same way as product lifecycles.
The package defines the kinds of status that a loan may be in at various stages in its lifecycle, based on the more general temporal concept of statuses. These include the statuses of legal proceedings, loan performance, prepayment, and the loan itself, e.g., active or in arrears.
The main package for loan types. Loan types are Construction Loans, Commercial Loans, Credit Products, General Loans, Mortgage Loans, Personal Loans, Loan Products, Student Loans, Secured and Unsecured Loans. The package is a folder for sub-packages and doesn’t contain entities.
Construction loans are loans in name only, in that the concept referred to as a construction loan is effectively a credit facility, with separate draw-downs (loans as defined in these ontologies) upon evidence of completion of agreed stages of the construction project. Note that for completion., Some basic project management terms such as milestones are already included but will need framing within more foundational concepts for project management.
Commercial loans are loans where the loan purpose is some commercial purpose. These are distinguished by the loan purpose, not by the borrower type – borrowers may be corporate or personal. However, in most cases, they would also be corporate loans that are loans with a corporate borrower.
Terms specific to the existence and extension of credit. Includes terms like home equity lines of credit, which may be referenced in asset-backed securities. It also includes credit card facilities.
This ontology is for different kinds of general loans, such as motor loans and marine finance. Other types of general loans such as those for motorhomes or other specified purposes would also go in this ontology, which is not complete.
Loans that have collateral posted as security, where that collateral is real-estate, and the real estate that makes up the collateral are purchased with the funds loaned. This ontology covers a range of mortgage concepts and parties, along with categories of mortgage loan purpose (remortgage, second home, etc.) Note that much of the material in this ontology will also have been covered in the separate Loan Contracts module and integrated. The terms here are not intended not to be specific to US mortgage loans or HMDA reporting but are more general.
Loans where a borrower is a natural person.
The ontology describes loan and mortgage loan products. As defined here, a product is something marketed and offered for sale, in this case, a loan, such that when a customer takes on the product, they become signatories to a corresponding loan contract. In this sense, a loan product is a contractual, off-the-shelf product with terms corresponding to those in the actual contract when it is signed. Note that considerable work has been done on products to support a separate loan product concept in the HMDA-derived Loan Contracts module, so this work now needs to integrate with that or deprecate.
This package provides entities relating to secured loans. All loans are secured or unsecured, and secured loans are secured either by collateral or by the guaranty. This ontology covers these core concepts so that mortgage loans, where the collateral is more specific, can be built on this. These concepts may not be needed for stand-along application-specific ontologies for mortgage lending. The concepts here provide the abstractions for the definition of mortgage loan concepts and differentiate them from other loan categories. These intermediate abstractions may or may not be presented in the separate Loan Contracts module for mortgage loans.
A loan or series of loans made for study at some institution of learning. This ontology and much of the common supporting information on loan applications are based on extensive review and input from Sallie Mae in the US. There may be other variants of student loans that are not covered here. For example, in principle, a student loan may be framed as a credit facility in some arrangements and as a single loan with separate payment phases in others.
This package is a companion to the Secured Loans package and defines loans for no security, either as a guaranty or as collateral. Note that for most applications, this ontology would not be needed. It is provided to provide a conceptually complete account of the kinds of loans there might be. While most people would not lend on this basis, the concept still exists.
Loan types / hierarchies
The diagram gallery on the Bank-ontology website shows the loan types sub-package. There are four major hierarchies, Commitments, Loan Agreements, Borrowers & Facilities, and Mortgage Purpose.
The agreements (contracts) hierarchy is a subtype to the Fundamental Concept defined in the Foundation package.
The PowerDesigner entity compare report lists all entities that have been added or removed in the latest 2021 version.
Data Model Resources
A colossal data model can be overwhelming. New users need an introduction, training materials, and references. As a bonus, the commercial license grants unrestricted permission to copy, edit, lift-off, and even rebrand the extensive FIBO data model resources for internal use.
- 100 Entity Relationship Diagrams in SAP PowerDesigner and Scalable Vector Graphic (SVG)
- 170 pages of education courseware in MS-PowerPoint
- 6 hours of webinar videos
- 50 pages articles & whitepapers
- MS-Excel reports MS-Visio stencils and templates
You find the public Diagrams and Resources on the FIB-DM website’s main menu. Licensees receive a ZIP-file with all data model resources. You are encouraged to edit, translate, and reformat the materials as your organization’s training materials. The only restriction is that you can’t pass them on to third parties.
The agreement is a standard commercial license for intellectual property. The plain English Jayzed Data Models IPLA defines organization (you), intellectual property, information model (the FIB-DM), Derived Work, and Distribution.
“Derived Work” is any work based upon the data model. It can be Modifications (e.g., scoping, adding entities) or secondary works (migrating the model or generating a physical model). You own the title to derived works that you create, but you can not distribute them to third parties.
You must not remove the EDM Council, Object Management Group, or Jayzed copyright and license notices on the model and derived works. Treat the FIBO data model as you would the original ontology.
For bona fide distributions, you can request a waiver free of charge. For example, collaborating with other licensed Financial Institutions or publishing your presentations based on model resources.
General Public License 3.0
|Your FIB-DM derived works||Open Source||Private, not applicable|
|Number of Entities||1029||2,446 (normative)|
|Finance, Business & Commerce||✔||✔|
|Indexes & Indicators||X||✔|
In summary, the Open Source license requires you to copyleft, that is, to license your derived models to the public.
The proprietary Customer commercial license agreement lifts the GPL 3.0 license requirement. In other words, you keep your FIB-DM Enterprise and other models secret. However, you must not share the extended Full modules.
With a customer license, you are free to modify, translate, edit, and even lift off images and diagrams as long as they remain within your organization.
There is no official release plan for the Financial Industry Business Ontology. Finalizing the Development modules, rigorous review, and QA depend on EDMC members’ availability providing subject matter experts.
The EDM Council releases new FIBO Production and Development versions every quarter.
FIB-DM follows the schedule and has two new data models versions, six weeks after the new FIBO release.
The optional maintenance contract, besides support, entitles you to twelve months of free upgrades.
Licenses are priced for institution size, using your EDMC membership tier as a segment.
|Line of Business||Metric||Tier A||Tier B||Tier C|
|Sell Side||Consolidated Capital||$10B+||$500M-$10B||<$500M|
|Buy Side||Assets under Management||$200B+||$50B-$200B||<$50B|
|Custody||Assets under Custody||$1,000B+||$100B-$1,000B||<$100B|
Introductory License prices start at $15,000 – a fraction of competing vendor industry data models. Central Banks, Multilateral Lenders, and other qualifying financial institutions get the Tier C price, irrespective of asset size.
The optional 12 months maintenance contract costs 20% of the license price. E.g., $3,000 per year for a Tier C financial institution.
Note: The above prices are indicative. They will rise as the model gets bigger. Please, always request a quote.
Conclusion: upgrade now
- Update to the latest 2020/Q4 FIBO release.
- Unlock the full data model.
- Keep your derived works proprietary
- Fully leverage the education resources
- Transform your ontologies and reverse-engineer data models
- Secure your stimulus discount before your competitors.
Look up your EDMC membership tier or balance sheet and receive a formal quote. Contact us with any questions or to arrange a meeting. Thanks!
Jurgen Ziemer, Jayzed Data Models, Inc., firstname.lastname@example.org
Article FIBO/FIB-DM Normative and Informative models: https://fib-dm.com/normative-and-informative-fibo-data-model-version/
Specification of the offer (spreadsheet):
- FIB-DM 2021/Q1 Normative Package and Entity list report.
- FIB-DM 2020/Q4 Informative Package and Entity list report.